Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
By the end of the twentieth century, the Los Angeles Philharmonic had established itself as one of the world's leading orchestras. Like other ensembles on the West Coast of the United States, it has served as an important forum for contemporary music.
The Los Angeles Philharmonic was founded in 1919 by Los Angeles multi-millionaire and avid amateur musician William Andrews Clark, Jr. The orchestra's first music director was Walter Henry Rothwell. Rehearsals began on October 13, and the first concert was October 24 at Trinity Auditorium in downtown Los Angeles. The next year the Philharmonic moved into The Temple, a church built in 1907 and renamed Philharmonic Auditorium. Despite the name change, the hall remained a place of worship, and the orchestra had to plan its activities around those of the church. The Philharmonic benefited from the attraction that California held for European expatriates; following Rothwell, its music directors were Georg Schnéevoigt (1927-1929), Artur Rodzinski (1929-1933), Otto Klemperer (1933-1939), Alfred Wallenstein (1943-1956), and Eduard van Beinum (1956-1959).
In 1945 Leopold Stokowski had founded the Hollywood Bowl Symphony for the summer concerts at the Hollywood Bowl, a striking art-deco outdoor concert shell in a lovely natural amphitheater. That orchestra disbanded two years later, and the Los Angeles Philharmonic replaced them as the regular orchestra for this series; though many American orchestras offer summer concerts, few have as high a profile in the cultural lives of their cities as this one did (and still does). In 1962 Zubin Mehta began his long and productive tenure as music director, which lasted until 1978. He burnished the sound of the orchestra, and initiated a successful series of recordings. He was succeeded by Carlo Maria Giulini (1978-1984), who brought his strong identification with the Classical repertory to the orchestra. He was succeeded by André Previn, who had a successful tenure from 1985 to 1989.
In 1964 the LAPO moved into a new home, the Dorothy Chandler Music Pavilion in downtown Los Angeles. The hall was shared with the Civic Light Opera Association and other concert and theater companies, a situation that grew uncomfortable and limiting for the Philharmonic. A new permanent home for the orchestra, the Walt Disney Concert Hall, featuring a striking design, and titanium and brushed stainless steel exterior, was inaugurated in October 2003. In 1990, the orchestra followed the lead of the Boston Pops by making an organizational distinction between its winter concerts and his summer series by founding the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra as a separate entity from the Los Angeles Philharmonic. John Mauceri was appointed its music director. In concerts, and on recordings the HBSO stresses its identification with the film capital. The LAPO gives an annual 30-week winter season.
Finnish conductor Esa-Pekka Salonen became the LAPO’s music director in 1992; he has been an exciting conductor for the orchestra, whose programming has been built around the great established classics of the twentieth century, some new music, and a solid representation of established repertoire. Salonen will step down at the end of the 2008-09 season. Replacing him on the podium at the Walt Disney Concert Hall will be Venezuelan conductor Gustavo Dudamel, who will be 28 at the time.