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Work

(Franz) Joseph Haydn

(Franz) Joseph Haydn Composer

Missa in honorem BVM, for soloists, chorus, organ, and orchestra in Eb ('Missa St. Joseph'/'Great Organ Mass'), Hob.XXII:4

Performances: 5
Tracks: 39
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Musicology:
  • Missa in honorem BVM, for soloists, chorus, organ, and orchestra in Eb ('Missa St. Joseph'/'Great Organ Mass'), Hob.XXII:4
    Key: Eb
    Year: b.1774
    Genre: Mass / Requiem
    Pr. Instruments: Voice & Chorus/Choir
    • 1.Kyrie
    • 2.Gloria
    • 3.Credo
    • 4.Sanctus
    • 5.Benedictus
    • 6.Agnus Dei
Haydn's religious believe included fervent devotion to the Virgin Mary, and this work written around 1768 or 1769 is his second large-scale Mass written in her honor within a couple of years. It gets its nickname because it includes some substantial organ solos, which were presumably played by Haydn himself in its original performances. It was scored for four vocal soloist and four-part chorus, with orchestra of two English horns, two horns, strings, bassoon, and organ used in solo and in the continuo. A revision seemingly made in 1775 included also two trumpets and timpani. It was probably first sung in the Eisenstadt Chapel.

The added trumpet parts are unusually brilliant. When Haydn added them, he required the high (or "Baroque") trumpets to be crooked in E flat rather than the usual D, so this results in some extreme high notes for the instrument.

This Mass is slightly uneven, with its movements ranging from conventionally good to outstanding. It contains some fine fugues (in the Gloria and the Credo). The Benedictus movement has a pastoral quality and includes an elaborate organ solo. These is also some of Haydn's typical "word-painting," such as the descending soprano line on the word "descendit" and a sudden drop into extreme quietness on the words "et mortuos."



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